- Detects Even the Minutest Amount of Lead in Drinking Water
- According to EPA, Every Single State Has Lead Contaminated Water Sources
- Highly Recommended for Households with Children, Pregnant/Nursing Women, Elderly People
- Ideal for Older Buildings or Home Use
- Visible Results in 10 minutes (EPA Testing Method Standard)
PurTest Instant Lead Water Testing Kit includes:
- 1 lead test strip
- 1 sample vial
- 1 dropper pipette and desiccant packet (to be discarded).
Lead is toxic metal found in plumbing materials and water service lines. Research shows that exposure to it even at low levels can cause a range of health hazards including delays in physical and mental development. Although lead is rarely found in source water, it can enter tap water through corrosion of plumbing materials. Homes or apartment buildings built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, fixtures and solder.
Lead in drinking water is particularly dangerous to children 6 years old and below whose brain is still at the height of developing. Infants and children who drink water containing lead in excess of the action level – 15 parts per billion (ppb) – could experience behavioral problems and learning disabilities; adults with years of exposure to lead-contaminated drinking water are likely to develop kidney problems or high blood pressure. For pregnant women, lead can cause a miscarriage.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) strongly encourages people, especially home owners to learn more about their drinking water. It’s critical to check on your main faucet used for drinking or cooking water, which is usually the kitchen tap.
This PurTest Instant Lead Water Testing Kit is a rapid immunoassay test for lead in drinking water. The test can detect lead at very low levels, even below the EPA action level of 15 parts per billion (ppb).
How to Use PurTest Instant Lead Water Testing
The test comes with easy-to-follow instructions to guide you through the process of testing your drinking water at home. Using the dropper pipette included in the kit, place water sample in the test vial. To pick up sample, tightly squeeze the bulb at the end of the pipette and place open end into water sample. Release the bulb to pick up sample, then squeeze again to expel sample into vial. Dispense six (6) drops of water into test vial. Swirl vial gently for several seconds. Place vial on a flat surface. Place test strip into test vial, with arrows pointing DOWN.
How to Read the Result
The result of this instant lead water analysis is readily available in 10 minutes. Blue lines will appear on strips to demonstrate a negative or a positive result. If no lines appear, or both lines are very light, the test did not run properly and the result is not valid. If a test strip shows a positive result, your water sample may contain lead at a toxic level.
- Why should I be concerned about lead in drinking water?
High levels of lead in tap water can cause health effects if the lead in the water enters the bloodstream and causes an elevated blood lead level. While risk will vary depending upon the individual, the circumstances, and the amount of water consumed, some of the short-term exposure to high levels of lead can cause vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, coma or even death. Lead builds up in the body, so ongoing exposure to even very small amounts of lead can be harmful, especially to infants and young children. Other symptoms include loss of appetite, abdominal pain, constipations, fatigue, sleeplessness, irritability and headache.
- How can lead in my home affect my family?
Although not as much of a concern as it once was, lead is still present in many households across the country. In fact, more than 200,000 children in the United States contract lead poisoning every year. Lead poisoning limits a child's ability to learn, even if it's only short term exposure. It is estimated that a child's I.Q. drops 3 points for every 10 micro-grams per deciliter of lead in their blood. If the child receives prompt medical attention, chances for recovery are very good. However, if the exposure goes undetected, it can bring about permanent damage, causing anything from learning disabilities to severe mental retardation and even death. Children under the age of 7 are much more susceptible to lead poisoning because their developing bodies absorb the lead at 4 times the rate of an adult.
- What lead levels are considered elevated in adults?
The typical level for U.S. adults is less than 10 µg/dL (mean = 3 µg/dL). • At levels above 80 µg/dL, serious, permanent health damage may occur (extremely dangerous). • Between 40 and 80 µg/dL, serious health damage may be occurring, even if there are no symptoms (seriously elevated). • Between 25 and 40 µg/dL, regular exposure is occurring. There is some evidence of potential physiologic problems (elevated). • Between 10 and 25 µg/dL, lead is building up in the body and some exposure is occurring.
- Where does lead contamination come from?
Compounding the medical danger of lead contamination is the fact that one of the most common places for children to become exposed to lead is in the home.
Major sources of in-home contamination include:
- lead-based paints
- tap water
- colorful ceramic dishes
- airborne lead particles.
Because you can't see, taste or smell lead, everyone is potentially at risk.
- How does lead get into my drinking water?
Some of the main sources of lead in the drinking water include but are not limited to the corrosion of household plumbing systems as well as the erosion of natural deposits. This leads to the “leaching” of lead into the water or the entry of lead in water by contact through plumbing. The leaching occurs through the corrosion or dissolving and wearing away of metal owing to chemical reaction between water and the plumbing system.
Therefore, leach can leach from pipes, fixtures, solder, faucets and fittings. Apart from this, the amount of the lead content in water depends upon the levels of different minerals in water, how long does the water stay in the pipes, the amount of wear that occur in the pipes, water’s acidity levels and the temperature.
This explains why 20% or more of human exposure to lead comes from the lead in the drinking water and not due to ingesting paint chips or inhaling dust, which are the main sources of lead exposure. Infants who consume mostly mixed formula can receive 40 to 60 percent of their exposure to lead from drinking water.
- How can I protect from lead water contamination?
There are several "rules of thumb" that should be used in protecting your family from lead water contamination .#Preventive Steps: #*Flush your pipes before use. Prior to using water for cooking or drinking, run the tap water until it becomes as cold as it will get. Save the flushing water for cleaning, watering plants, washing dishes. *Use only cold water for drinking & cooking -- hot water is likely to contain higher levels of lead. *Inspect your plumbing system to detect lead. Lead pipes and solder are dull gray, when scratched they will look shiny. *Test your water with a lead detection product, such as our Lead in Water Test Kit, that utilizes U.S. EPA recognized laboratories If your lead test comes back positive, the best way to handle the problem is to determine the source and remove it.
- How do I know if the household drinking water is contaminated by lead?
The only way to determine if your drinking water at home is contaminated by lead is to perform home water testing. Water lead testing kits like PurTest Instant Lead Water Testing Kit are designed to test for lead in your drinking water based on EPA testing standards. Testing for lead is critical to protect yourself and your family from the ill effects of lead exposure or poisoning.